What Fuse Controls The Speedometer/Odometer

An analog transmitter located in the back differential sends an electrical signal to the speedometer. It is a little button with two wires connecting in the rear differential.

The transmission speed sensor, which is positioned on the bell housing, back through the firewall but also has a plug with two or three wires, is most likely faulty.

This sensor controls both the gearbox shift points and the speedometer; the tachometer is the sole gauge to which the ECM sends data.

It’s not difficult to replace this sensor.

Speedometer: 

The vehicle speed sensor, or VSS, is situated near the gearbox’s output shaft.

The sensor’s precise positioning allows it to monitor and report the spinning and speed of the shaft to the engine’s computer through attachment wiring.

It is technically conceivable to operate a car with a malfunctioning speedometer. 

Fuse Controls Speedometer

However, this is not a good idea.

You will be unable to notice the speed at which your car is going unless you have a backup plan in place. A fuse does not control your car’s speedometer.

A speed sensor is installed on the extension housing and regulates your speedometer.

The ECM/PCM – engine computer – determines the speed of most automobiles nowadays.

The VSS is an input towards the engine computer, which delivers this information and temperature and fuel level information to the instrument cluster via a serial data connection.

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Diagnose the problem:

There isn’t a fuse for the speedometer alone. For the instrument cluster, there are primary battery supply fuses.

There’s also a cluster fuse, but if the speedometer seems to be the only item that isn’t working, the speed sensor or the cluster itself is most likely the problem. 

Please see the final wiring schematic, where the VSS is shown as a direct input to the hub for the speedometer.

This implies we’ll need to look for codes before checking the BCM to determine if the speed is being recorded. If that’s the case, the sensor is fine, and the cluster is the problem.

You may remove the side panels out from the passenger floor side of the center console if you have the owner’s handbook.

The fuses are marked on the inside of the lid, and the handbook may be used to decode the number. The additional fuses are in the black fuse box under the hood, and the method is the same.

Location of fuse:

On the car’s driver’s side, the instrument panel fuse block is placed in the instrument panel. Look anywhere along the left side of the panel, where the door would cover when closed, for the instrument cluster fuse.

Also, look beneath the hood, near the front fender wells, for a box labeled “Electrical Center” or “Fuse Panel.”

In some vehicles, after you unlock the driver’s door, you’ll see a detachable part on the dashboard that, when closed, contacts the door.

Whenever the driver’s door is open, can you see it? This is where the fuse is located.

If you can’t find the fuse, you may ask the manufacturer or an expert regarding your model. 

Possible faults of fuse and speedometer:

  • It’s possible that the passenger-side speed sensor has to be changed or that the speedometer wire is damaged or broken. 
  • A broken wire is another reason for the automobile speedometer not working. The wires might short for a variety of causes, causing the fuse to blow and the speedometer to quit functioning. It is very common in older vehicles.
  • The fuse in the fuse box may be defective if the needle is stuck. It’s also possible that the speed sensor has failed. The speedometer will need to be re-calibrated or replaced.
  • Some lights may undoubtedly go out if you remove the fuse, but this is typical. The speedometer has nothing to do with a fuse. 
  • And the fact that the odometer stopped working is irrelevant because it isn’t the issue at hand.
  • The Engine Control Unit (ECU) is the computer brain of the automobile, operating as the center of engine activity. It keeps track of and manages a variety of engine functions, including speed. In the event of specific ECU issues, the speedometer is certain to display incorrect readings.

Fixing the issue:

The Vehicle speed sensor does not have its fuse. The car speed sensor has two wires coming out of it, one yellow and one purple.

They’re both connected to the power-train control module, which is under the dash on the left side of the steering column.

If the Transmission Speed Sensor fails, a diagnostic fault code will be generated, and the speedometer will stop working. Other possible fixes might include:

  • Locate the sensors and inspect them, as well as the cables that link to them, for any obvious damage. If you discover a flaw in the older one, switch to a different one.
  • In an older automobile, the wires might short or wear out, causing the fuse to explode. Inspect both the wire and the fuse, and replace any that are defective.
  • The complete ECU must be replaced. You may reset it. However, this is only a temporary solution. After installing the replacement unit, remember to rotate the ignition key to the ‘Auxiliary’ position
  • When the automobile is turned on, it will assist the ECU in starting the operation and adapting to the other engine systems.
  • Start the car by pressing and holding the calibration button on the speedometer, then release the button. Then press that button one more, and go for a test drive. 
  • Once you’ve traveled the required distance, push the button once again, and indeed the speedometer will adjust to the new tire size.
  • The speedo cluster may need to be replaced. If you hit the dash right much above the fuel gauge, it would sometimes begin to work as well.
  • Because the speed sensor is controlled by hertz, the best place to check the wires is at the dealer. That sensor might be pricey.

In any event, make sure to test drive the vehicle to ensure that the speedometer is operational.

When your car’s speedometer stops working, you could try the following repair methods.

The cost of an instrument cluster varies substantially based on the features of your car.

Fixes for different models:

If the speedo is directly attached to a wheel or the gearbox output via a revolving mechanical cable, a blown a fuse will not cause the speedo to stop working. The system as a whole is entirely mechanical.

The speedometer in many modern automobiles is controlled by the engine management computer and functions as an electrical meter.

In this situation, a blown fuse may cause the speedometer to stop working; nevertheless, likely, the automobile engine would also stop working.

Determine which part of the wire the fuse is protecting. It is necessary to label the block.

If nothing else works, such as the radio, heating, or blower motors, check all of the car’s lights with the fuse removed. Head, tail, turn, done, dash, backup, behind the hood, passenger floorboard, and other less visible places.

Replace any that are broken or missing since they might be internally shorted. Inspect the electrical connections in the bulb socket and below it, as well as the voltage at the bulb socket.

If possible, drive with and without the fuse to determine if there are any issues. 

Is the fuse blew immediately away, or what happens when it does? How can you know when it’s going to blow?

Check for wires that have been worked on, are loose, are out of the harness, and so on in older cars. Obtain a wiring schematic from the internet and keep note of voltages whenever possible.

A blown a fuse usually causes a small automotive electrical problem, such as backup headlights or interior lights not working, inability to use your radio, loss of a turn signal, or malfunctioning climate control functions.

Cigarette lighters, vehicle seat heaters, and other such items are available.

If any lights are out, disconnect them all and, with a good fuse in place, reinstall them one at a time if the fuse does not blow while they are out. There seems to be a lot to learn about options.

Conclusion:

A malfunctioning sensor might cause a speedometer to cease operating. Bad wiring or malfunctioning sensors might also cause the issue.

The problem can be resolved by recalibrating the sensors or fixing the wiring.

Incorrect readings. In this example, the problem is changing tires that are larger than the manufacturer’s specified specifications. 

Because it is matched to the size of the factory-fitted tires, the speedometer displays incorrect data.

A malfunctioning speed sensor, a faulty speedometer gear, damaged wiring, or a faulty powertrain control unit are the most typical causes of a speedometer that has ceased operating.

You may repair the problem according to your vehicle’s model by reading the entire article.

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