A fuel injector is an electromechanically physical object that sprays fuel into an engine to prepare the proper air-fuel combination, which allows the engine to burn efficiently.
The location of the fuel injectors varies depending on the engine architecture, but they are typically located on the engine head with the tip within the combustion chamber.
When injectors fail, the solenoids are frequently short internally, resulting in a reduction in resistance.
Because of the importance of the circuits, it’s critical that you can repair them if they break.
Fortunately, many firms are now adopting simpler technologies to ensure that automobile owners can remedy this problem themselves.
People have broken or replaced the circuit using switches, allowing them to attempt to rectify the problem and restart the automobile.
Types of fuel injectors:
A fuel injector serves the same purpose as a garden shower nozzle, except instead of water, it sprays gasoline within the engine.
Consider mechanically operated fuel injectors and electronically controlled fuel injectors to comprehend their design better.
Diesel Fuel Injectors:
- These fuel injectors are used to directly inject or spray diesel into the combustion chamber of a diesel engine for compression-based combustion.
- Diesel fuel injectors are designed with a capillary and nozzle that may produce diesel packets simultaneously spraying the fuel into the combustion chamber.
- Because diesel is heavier than gasoline, diesel fuel injectors require more injection pumping than gasoline injectors.
Gasoline Fuel Injectors:
- These fuel injectors inject or spray gasoline directly into the combustion chamber or through the intake manifold for spark ignition.
- Gasoline injectors needless injection pumping than diesel injectors because gasoline is lighter.
Diagnose the problem:
By measuring the resistance between the injector’s terminals with an ohmmeter and comparing it to the desired voltage of a good injector, you can see that
when the solenoids elongate internally, the resistance drops, causing the injector to pull considerably more current, resulting in a blown driver circuit.
The engine control unit has been the electronic brain that gathers data from numerous sensors along the fuel line to manage the fuel injector pulse.
A blown injector circuit fuse, a flaw in the injector’s wiring harness, or a broken fuel injector power relay might be the source of the problem.
The gasoline injectors are probably not opening, which is the most probable explanation.
The (PCM) uses the trigger signal from the crankshaft position sensor or the camshaft position sensor to pulse the injectors.
To check injector pulses, technicians utilize an instrument called a NOID light.
When the tool identifies digital signals together in a circuit, an LED light flashes; when you rev the engine and see no lights from the injector circuit, you know the (PCM) isn’t pulsing the injectors.
On the other hand, a NOID light is useless on modern gasoline direct injection (GDI) systems.
The engine may be flooded if the injectors appear to be operating, yet the engine will not start.
Consequently, the spark plugs may need to be removed to dry. After some time has passed, try it again.
Why do fuel injectors not spray?
This smart fuel injector is controlled electronically by the engine’s electronic control unit, commonly known as the “brain” of contemporary engines.
When we switch on the spark to start the car, the fuel pump in the engine begins to push fuel to the fuel distributor, which then begins to regulate the frequency and amount of gasoline sprayed.
Also Guide: Delphi Vs Ac Delco Fuel Pump
If it doesn’t spray, it’s either the injector or a lack of fuel pressure.
- The injector should have a resistance of roughly 1.3 ohms; if it is open or has no resistance, it is defective. It’s also possible that the injector is completely blocked. The fuel pressure ought to be between 9 and 13 psi.
- When the fuel is sprayed and mixed with the air inside the intake manifold, the fuel mixture vaporizes due to low pressure in the intake manifold. This is where the fuel injection ECU sensor works and sends a signal to the ECU to provide the right fuel mixture ratio, the volume of fuel to be drawn from the fuel pump established by the amount of air taken by the engine and engine RPM. There are indeed sensors that provide ECU with the needed data, including
- In this situation, you must examine and resolve the injector fuse and relay, normally situated in the engine compartment’s relay box.
- Fuses are used to safeguard all electronic wiring & components while giving electricity to them. Fuses prevent short circuits in the fuel pump, fuel injectors, and electronic circuits. Since these fuses break, the system that supports them goes out of commission, and the engine shuts down. As a result, during craking, there is no injector pulse.
- To examine a blown fuse, take it out of its socket and look at the internal wire to see whether it’s still working.
- If it appears to be cut, replace it with a new one of the same value, then try swapping the relay with another of the same value.
- If you get the same result after doing all of this, it’s time to check the injectors themselves. If there is no injector pulse solely on a single-cylinder, try unplugging injectors one at a time and see if the engine starts.
- If the engine starts when a particular injector is unplugged, it’s the defective one that needs to be replaced.
- Another technique to test the injector will be to determine the resistance between the two terminals of each injector and compare it to the greatest and lowest values specified in the injector datasheet; if the result is beyond the permissible bounds, replace the injector.
- In this scenario, there is no injector pulse or spark, which signifies that your ECU has failed to operate, and you will need to replace it or see an expert.
Importance of fuel injectors:
The operating principle of internal combustion engines is that the higher the quality of the fuel-air mixture, the smoother the combustion, and hence the higher the engine efficiency.
As a result, we require fuel injectors, which give significantly better air-fuel mixture quality than carburetors.
also Guide: 2 Barrel Carburetor Vs. 4 Barrel
Because carburetors provide insufficient air-fuel mixing, various unburned particles accumulate within the combustion chamber of a combustion engine,
resulting in inappropriate combustion flame propagation and engine malfunction known as knocking or detonation, almost all vehicles on the road today use fuel injection technology to avert this.
In general, fuel injectors can cause a lot of problems for your engine, but with proper care, they can last the engine’s life.
Just like any other part of your car, it needs to be maintained regularly, so if you plan on driving your car for a long time and want to avoid getting stuck, you should regularly inspect and clean your fuel injectors for carbon build-up.
Also, employing fuel additives to keep your injector clean and boost engine performance is a wonderful method to maintain it in good shape.
Having a jammed or clogged injector is a well-known problem that occurs due to carbon build-ups caused by using low-grade gasoline, thus employing a fuel. System cleaning regularly can assist you in your quest.